People have made computer programs that can analyse hundreds and thousands of photos of real people, and use this information to create realistic-looking pictures of people that don’t physically exist. Threat actors use these to make inauthentic social media accounts appear more legitimate.
How do people do it: The barrier for entry to getting an AI created face is pretty low; companies like generated.photos provide the service for free online (I don’t feel bad linking to this because it was the first result in DuckDuckGo for “AI generated face”, and this is probably something people would search when looking into acquiring an AI generated face).
Why do they do it: The availability of realistic looking photos of people is really useful for threat actors who want to create inauthentic social media accounts, as they provide an easy way to increase perceived authenticity without revealing the account owner’s true identity.
It’s also more effective than using a photo someone else has posted of themselves online; search engines allow people to check if an image they’ve found appears online elsewhere, meaning people could find out that it had been stolen (and that the account wasn’t authentic). With a unique AI generated face, that won’t happen.
Real World Examples
- Designed to Deceive: Do These People Look Real to You?; New York Times – Nov 2020
- This article gives a pretty amazing introduction to what can be achieved with AI faces, and also provides some tips on how you might spot a face which has been generated by a computer.
- Facebook, Twitter remove disinformation accounts targeting Ukrainians by Ben Collins and Jo Ling Kent on 28 Feb 2022
- This article talks about “a propaganda campaign featuring a website pushing anti-Ukraine talking points, was an offshoot of a known Russian disinformation operation. A Facebook spokesperson said it used computer-generated faces to bolster the credibility of fake columnists across several platforms, including Instagram.”
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